Investigation of the effect of variable-sized energy dissipating blocks on sluice gate performance


  • Enes Gül Department of Civil Engineering, Inonu University, Malatya, Türkiye
  • Zeyneb Kılıç Department of Civil Engineering, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Türkiye
  • Erdinç İkincioğulları Department of Civil Engineering, Bingol University, Bingol, Türkiye
  • M Cihan Aydın Department of Civil Engineering, Bitlis Eren University, Bitlis, Türkiye



sluice gate flow, energy dissipation, free surface flow, computational fluid


The present research used a combination of experimental and numerical methods to investigate energy dissipation blocks of different heights placed downstream of a sluice gate in an open channel flow. Numerical model simulations were performed using a 3D computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique, using the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations with the volume of fluid (VOF) and k-ε turbulence models. The accuracy of the numerical model and the grid sensitivity was assessed according to a recommended procedure in the literature. Different hydraulic and geometry conditions were investigated to understand the energy dissipation behaviour of the blocks. The hydrodynamic effects of different block spacings, heights and configurations were analysed by means of CFD simulations. The results show that the variable size blocks have a high energy dissipation efficiency in sluice gate flows, particularly at high Froude numbers. The energy dissipation efficiency of the blocks downstream of a sluice gate can reach up to 55% for high discharges (Q = 35 L/s). Interestingly, the energy dissipation performance of small gate openings exceeds that of large gate openings, reaching a peak efficiency of 40% for the same discharge. In addition, the block spacing has a minimal effect on the energy dissipation, while smaller block spacing results in a smoother water surface profile.


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How to Cite

Enes Gül, Zeyneb Kılıç, Erdinç İkincioğulları, & M Cihan Aydın. (2024). Investigation of the effect of variable-sized energy dissipating blocks on sluice gate performance. Water SA, 50(1 January).



Research paper