The effect of the linear alkylbenzene sulfonate, sodium-dodecyl-sulfonate (SDS), on the bioaccumulation of Al, Sr and Mn by Brassica oleracea and Solanum tuberosum
Keywords:Brassica oleracea, combined effects, sodium-dodecyl-sulfonate, metals, Solanum tuberosum
The hyper-eutrophic conditions in impoundments used for irrigation around South Africa’s major cities promote the co-existence of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) and other pollutants such as metals. The combined effects of LAS and metals, when such water is used to irrigate crops, has not been properly investigated in light of human health risks and prevailing local conditions. To understand the potential risks, pot-culture experiments were conducted to assess the effect of the LAS, sodium-dodecyl-sulfonate (SDS), on the accumulation of aluminum (Al), manganese (Mn) and strontium (Sr) in Brassica oleracea (cabbage) and Solanum tuberosum (potato) plants. The plants were watered with dam water containing 3.48 mg‧L−1 of the LAS (sodium dodecyl sulfonate) and Mn (0.257 mg‧L−1), Al (0.6 mg‧L−1) and Sr (0.16 mg‧L−1) as determined by field surveys, for 20 days. The presence of SDS in the irrigation water at environmentally relevant concentrations did not enhance uptake of Sr, Mn, Al in the two plants, as demonstrated by statistically insignificant differences in the means of the treatments (with and without SDS). In addition, the presence of the metals, high pH, EC and presence of cyanotoxins in the water did not affect total chlorophyll and growth of the plants. These findings imply that the prevailing levels of anionic surfactants such as SDS, metals and other contaminants in the hyper-eutrophic reservoirs pose little risk to crop yields, quality of crops and human health, due to the possible accumulation of these contaminants in irrigated plants. Despite the study reporting no immediate inherent risk to the plants and human health, continuous monitoring of the contaminants in water, soil and irrigated plants is recommended since the conditions, concentrations and other factors can quickly change if the management of the catchment does not improve in the near future.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Glynn K Pindihama, Mugera W Gitari
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