Application of isotherm models to combined filter systems for the prediction of iron and lead removal from automobile workshop stormwater runoff
Keywords:granular activated carbon, rice husk, river gravel, iron and lead pollutants, adsorption model
Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm adsorption models were used to predict iron and lead removal from automobile workshop stormwater runoff. Combined low-cost filter systems consisting of granular activated carbon–rice husk (GAC–RH) and river gravel–granular activated carbon (GR–GAC) were used in this study. The effects of adsorbent dosage and contact time on the adsorption capacity of the adsorbents, as well as the removal efficiencies of the adsorbent systems, were also investigated. The results for the Langmuir model generally showed favourable adsorption processes., with all RL values < 1 (in the range 0.358–0.518). The Langmuir model gave better predictions for iron and lead removal, with high R2 values (in the range 0.842–0.969), while the root mean square error (RMSE) values ranged from 0.002 to 2.366. The Freundlich model parameters indicated chemisorption processes with all n values < 1 (in the range 0.1296–0.4675). R2 values were in the range of 0.634–0.916 while RMSE values ranged from 0.002 to 0.1765. Additionally, the removal efficiencies for iron and lead using GAC–RH filter system (54% and 48%, respectively) were found to be higher than those obtained using GR–GAC filter system (35% and 25%, respectively). The adsorption capacities of the adsorbents decreased with increased dosages of the adsorbent, with optimum adsorbent dosage of 0.5 g and equilibrium contact time of 80 min for the combined filter adsorbents. Further research towards modifying adsorbents for removal of oil and grease from polluted automobile workshop stormwater runoff are warranted.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Clement Oguche Ataguba, Isobel Brink
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