Biosensors for the detection of Escherichia coli

Authors

  • MB Maas Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch 7600, South Africa
  • WJ Perold Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch 7600, South Africa
  • LMT Dicks Department of Microbiology, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch 7600, South Africa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4314/wsa.v43i4.17

Keywords:

Biosensors, microfluidics, nano-biosensors, E. coli detection

Abstract

The supply of safe potable water, free from pathogens and chemicals, requires routine analyses and the application of several diagnostic techniques. Apart from being expensive, many of the detection methods require trained personnel and are often time-consuming. With drastic climate changes, severe droughts, increases in population and pollution of natural water systems, the need to develop ultrasensitive, low-cost and hand-held, point-of-use detection kits to monitor water quality is critical. Although Escherichia coli is still considered the best indicator of water quality, cell numbers may be below detection limits, or the cells may be non-culturable and thus only detected by DNA amplification. A number of different biosensors have been developed to detect viable, dead or non-culturable microbial cells and chemicals in water. This review discusses the differences in these biosensors and evaluates the application of microfluidics in the design of ultra-sensitive nano-biosensors.

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Published

2017-10-31

How to Cite

MB Maas, WJ Perold, & LMT Dicks. (2017). Biosensors for the detection of Escherichia coli. Water SA, 43(4 October). https://doi.org/10.4314/wsa.v43i4.17